Species- Capsicum frutescens Capsicum annuum Capsicum chinense-These are the three main species in the hot pepper classification. It has received the name of ANTI-EMETIC DROPS. Capsicum is the common name for the fruits of the plant Capsicum annuum L. var. Capsicum annuum. Crop name Botanical name. Best uses of chilli peppers. Pickled or marinated Capsicum are frequently added to sandwiches or salads. Missouri Botanical Garden. In Bulgaria, South Serbia, and North Macedonia, capsicum are very popular, too. Their name comes from the Greek word “kapto” which means “to bite” or “to swallow”. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Chillies. The Spanish conquistadores soon became aware of their culinary properties, and brought them back to Europe, together with cocoa, potatoes, sweet potatoes, tobacco, maize, beans, and turkeys. 26 Nov 2020 Pepper, (genus Capsicum), genus of more than 30 species of flowering plants in the nightshade family (Solanaceae), several of which are extensively cultivated for their edible, often pungent fruits. Your Name. Those used in cooking are generally varieties of the C. annuum and C. frutescens species, though a few others are used, as well. Capsicum is the name of the genus of the flowering plants and their fruit that we know and eat as “bell peppers” or just “peppers”. The scientific name of Sweet Pepper is the botanical name or formal name. The fruits start out dark green, change to red, and then mature to a solid bright red. ), while the hot ones are "chilli"/"chillies" (double L) or "chilli peppers". They can be sliced into strips and fried, roasted whole or in pieces, or chopped and incorporated into salsas or other sauces, of which they are often a main ingredient. Mr. Reddy-September 28, 2016. Peru is thought to be the country with the highest cultivated Capsicum diversity since varieties of all five domesticates are commonly sold in markets in contrast to other countries. Its species are native to the Americas, where they have been cultivated for thousands of years. BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION:-Chilli is a fruit of the plants ‘ Capsicum annuum’ and ‘Capsicum frutecens’ that come from the genus ‘Capsicum,’ belonging to the family of ‘Solanaceae,’ which also includes tomato and potato.Capsicum is derived from the Greek word "Kapsimo" meaning "to bite." Several new cultivars were developed in these countries, and their use in combination with (or as a substitute for) existing 'hot' culinary spices such as black pepper and Sichuan pepper spread rapidly, giving rise to the modern forms a number of staple dishes such as Channa masala, Tom yum, Laziji, and Kimchi. Solanaceae. Capsicum annuum is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. Habanero chili (C. chinense Jacquin)- plant with flower and fruit, Scotch bonnet (C. chinense) in a Caribbean market, Fresh Indian green chillies in Bangalore market, Piri piri (C. frutescens 'African Devil'), Naga jolokia Chilli (bhut jolokia) (C. chinense x C. frutescens), The flower of red hot bangi pepper, Malaysia, A small but very hot Capsicum in Malaysia, Peperoni cruschi, dried and crispy Capsicum from Basilicata, This article is about the plant genus. Capsicum is also used widely in Italian cuisine, and the hot species are used all around the southern part of Italy as a common spice (sometimes served with olive oil). Cite this page: Tropicos.org. These three species share the same ancestral gene pool and are sometimes called the 'annuum-chinense-frutescens complex'. minimum (Miller) Heiser and Capsicum frutescens L. These are types of peppers that are cultivated or gathered to obtain the plant parts for medicinal use. Chillies fall under the genus capsicum, of the flowering plants. The fruit (technically berries in the strict botanical sense) of Capsicum plants have a variety of names depending on place and type. One explanation of the origin of the word capsicum comes from the Greek verb kapto which means to bite or to swallow hungrily, and could refer to the biting sensation of the hot chilli when consumed. Piper Amalago, or rough-leaved Pepper, a shrub growing up to 10 feet. LONG PEPPER (Piper longum) ---Part Used---The dried, unripe spikes of Pipers officinum and longum.---Habitat---Java, India, Philippines, the best coming from Batavia, and Singapore.P. The Portuguese brought them to their African and Asiatic possessions such as India. It has become a key spice in many cuisines. Both species, at least the cultivated varieties of them, are very variable, and not all authorities consider them separate species. Also, fruit and spice can be attributed as papryka ostra (hot pepper) or papryka słodka (sweet pepper). Shimla, incidentally, is a popular hill-station in India (and mirch means chilli in local languages). Capsicum frutescens is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.6 m (2ft). ” which means “ to bite ” or “ to swallow ” rice dishes, and South.... Damper climates on Capsicum the story of confusion about the correct botanical classification of minimum... Only Capsicum without any capsaicin, and we used them as food vegetables, spices and! 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