Individualism – favours the individual as an independent entity and encourages self-promotion and self-worth. Main Article Presocratics. Reductionism, while useful in certain applications, is not helpful in understanding the person. God the Self and Nothingness: Reflections Eastern and Western (God, the Contemporary Discussion Series) [Carter, Robert E.] on Amazon.com. This would be explained with the selfless approach to life. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. However throughout the years, the two have come to influence one another constantly due to globalization, and shaping and moulding one another in the process. Comparison of Western and Oriental Thought is a book written by Sierran sociologist Mark Culler and published in 1904 which has been identified as the most influential book in Sierra, and one of the most important sociological books in the 20th century. Satisfaction with what one has is the key. Start studying LESSON 5: THE SELF IN WESTERN AND EASTERN THOUGHT. In contrast, the Western civilization is more individualistic, trying to find the meaning of life here and now with self at the center as it is already given and part of the divine. Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. The Self in Western Thought Eastern philosophy also thrives on virtues. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. THE SELF IN WESTERN. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. God the Self and Nothingness: Reflections Eastern and Western (God, the Contemporary Discussion Series) the Self in the East and the West as purported by Alan Watts. Create a representation of the Filipino self. Western science has relied on methods for reducing processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in isolation as single variables. Part of what is developing in children as they grow is the fundamental cognitive part of the self, known as the self-concept. Aspect 1: Where Thinking Happens — Internally or Externally To hear more reflections from Gish Jen, click on her portrait and listen to an interview conducted by Harvard University Press. As individuals, one must do what is supposed to be done without causing ill to others. Both Western and Eastern civilizations have been occupied with self-knowledge and underscored its importance particularly citing the paradoxical combination of immediate availability and profound obscurity involved in its pursuit. The culture of a community or a nation depends upon the surroundings, the values and beliefs that they are brought up upon. Reviewed by Ruth Hagengruber, University of Paderborn, Germany This book presents a courageous analysis of the philosophical concept of the self and its marked influence on Western history and civilisation. For Socrates, the goal of philosophy was to "know thyself".Lao Tzu, in his Tao Te Ching, says "Knowing others is wisdom.. Knowing the self is enlightenm The Concept of Time. The most important characteristic of the Eastern world view - one could almost say the essence of it - is the awareness of the unity and mutual interrelation of all things and events, the experience of all phenomena in the world as manifestations of a basic oneness. • Eastern- also called Oriental; represents Asia • Western- represents Europe and Northern America 3. Ancient Eastern Philosophy On the Ancient Wisdom of Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism & Confucianism. At the end of this lesson, you should be able to: 1. The differences between Eastern and Western thought can be clearly seen in modern society, despite globalization and unifying influences. Explain the concept of self as found in Asian thoughts; and 3. Differentiate the concept of self according to Western thought against Eastern/Oriental perspectives; 2. What are the diff… All Western philosophers prior to Socrates are known as the "presocratics". The title of this paper was “Uniting Eastern Philosophy and Western Science” (1992). *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Buddhist notion of self circumvents reification, being an impermanent gestalt formed by the interaction of five skandhas or aggregates (form, feelings, perceptions, impulses, consciousness). The self-concept is a knowledge representation that contains knowledge about us, including our beliefs about our personality traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals, and roles, as well as the knowledge that we exist as individuals. To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. Meanwhile, Western philosophy focuses on ethics. The differences listed below are heavily stereotyped, generalized, and polarized. It forms a bridge between the absolute and the relative, between the apparently real, and the truly real, between what we perceive as secular and what we know as holy. EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. Richard C. Page. While Western psychology seems to reflect an … Humans are intersubjective beings interacting with other people and environmental factors in a constant state of flux. Get this from a library! In fact, human beings are essentially the same the world over, only the details and customs differ, and the philosophies of eastern and western thinkers make this quite clear. In Western thought, people tend to answer affirmatively and think of the self as an entity separate from others. Hence different parts of the world feature different cultures that vary very much from one another. The concept of time marks another telling difference between Eastern and Western thought. And a Western bias still is that the East can learn from the West, rather than vice versa, and indeed is doing so, as is exhibited in the spread of technology, capitalism and democracy. A portrait of the author Gish Jen, whose book Tiger Writing: Art, Culture, and the Interdependent Self, explores Eastern and Western differences in self-narration. Ulrich Steinvorth, Rethinking the Western Understanding of the Self, Cambridge UP, 2009, 222pp., $26.99 (pbk) ISBN 9780521757072. The earliest religious writings in the East are known as the Vedas, and form the basis of Hindu philosophy and religion. Metaphysics studies the type of things that exist and includes reflections on ultimate reality … the views of Brahman and the self in Hinduism and the marks of existence in Buddhism, as well as related discussions of the five aggregates are all part … of metaphysics. 800-500 BC), when Greek thinkers broke with purely mythological explanations of the world by attempting to explain nature logically. Clearly, human beings cannot be reduced to parts but must be understood within the context of the whole. In Eastern philosophy, though, the self is often treated as an illusion. Eastern and western thinkers alike believe that human beings are essentially the same all over the world, only the details and customs differ. AND EASTERNTHOUGHT LESSON OBJECTIVES. They were written over a … Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. God, the self, and nothingness : reflections eastern and western. Lesson 4: The Self in Western and Eastern Thoughts 2. Today, the cultures of the world can be divided into two main parts such as the Eastern and Western culture. Not all Chinese (or Westerners) think this way, but these are observed tendencies.. Western heritage: The western tradition is commonly acknowledged to be “imbued with a style of “Conceptual self” (Neisser, 1997), “Relational Self” (Jordan, 1991), “Public and private selves” (Morin, 1998) have just been a few amongst the many terms offered in the explanation of the ways people perceive themselves and their world. Eastern and western philosophy of self 1. All religion, whether Western or Eastern, is a nexus. Western philosophy was born during the Archaic age of Greece (ca. Reflections on Eastern and Western Spirituality This article can be read separately, but it is intended to be an appendix to the previous one, The Role of the Citizen in a Spiritual Society , and it would be helpful if all readers are familiar with the material there. Though each line is concerned with finding the right path to follow, the methodology and teachings of the philosophers from either line of thinking has been distinct and different. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. The Eastern philosophy is drawn much more into groups or society or people’s actions and thoughts as one in order to find meaning in life as they try to get rid of the false “me” concept and find meaning in discovering the true “me” in relation to everything around them… [Robert Edgar Carter;] University of Georgia, Athens ” ( 1992 ) known as the Eastern and Western philosophy same all the. 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