In the direction of the apex, referring to developmental sequence. Central structure of ovule containing the embryo sac. Inner layer of the pollen grain or spore (see Exine). Golden Barrel Cactus | Having a single shape or form (opp. Plant that grows on another plant without drawing nutrients from it (adj. Is the condition of having perfect flowers which do not open and self-pollination occurs, flowers are fertile and produce a lot of seed. Superior: Said of the ovary when the perianth and stamens are … A mass of tiny flowers, or florets, that looks like a single large flower. The milky white sap that exudes or bleeds from damaged stems of some succulents, for example, Euphorbia. Rudimentary outgrowth consisting of tissue capable of giving rise to, for example, a leaf. That part of a stem which lies between two nodes. To locate a word from more than 1100 definitions: Use the simple search box below to locate a word - exact spelling is required. Calyx (sepals) and corolla (petals), taken together, in Cactaceae, the sepals and petals form a intergrading series, termed perianth-segments, "tepals" or "sepaloids" and "petaloids". Some succulents can produce flowers when otherwise dormant. スザンナエ. 2. Better? Barbed spines or hairs, mostly small and brittle; often in tufts, characteristic of the Opuntioideae. Side-shoot, often easily detached for propagation; offsetting, sprouting. The protective tissue formed over a wound, for example, at the base of cuttings. A method of propagation in which a single plant or a clump is divided into several sections, each with its own roots and a growing point. Anticlinal). Plant Taxonomy Succulents; The Soil Experiment. Group ranking between genus and subfamily. Swollen excrescence or appendage of the hilum of a seed. If you found this article interesting,  share it with your succulent loving friends!And get a free plant when your friends make an order. Shaped like a turnip: Large and round at the top, tapering and very slender below. Secondary protective tissue with cork cells. Male part of the flower that produces pollen, usually borne on a filament. Bearing offsets; also said of flowers or fruits which produce further flowers from receptacular areoles, thus sometimes forming strings of fruits. The first name applies to all species of the genus, Echinocereus is the name of all hedgehog cacti, but the entire binomial applies only to a single species. Said of the roots which do not arise from the radicle or primary root system, but from elsewhere, Buds appearing in an unusual place; for example, buds on leaves (Example: Kalanchoe ), or buds arising from the vascular bundles not, as we might expect, from the areoles, generally in response to an injury. These can be spontaneously mutated cells of the host organism or cells from a different organism or species produced as a result of organ transplant, grafting (Graft chimera), and artificial fusion of unlike tissues or genetic engineering. A layer of semi-transparent cells, containing calcium oxalate, at the tip of a succulent leaf. Small roots that grow on the stem of your succulent rather than in the soil. Plants with flowers that have only male or female organs, but where both male and female flowers appear on the same plant. Inflorescence consisting of a flattened disk-like or vessel-like structure into which individual flowers are sunk; typical of the genus Dorstenia. Dimorphic). Click here to purchase. The tubular section of the flower above the ovary, bearing the petals, etc. genera) is a grouping of similar, closely related and morphologically similar Species. Sucker or runner; a prostrate basal branch, above or below ground, which can root and produce new stems or plantlets. Swollen underground stem with storage capacity. Sedum genres. Membranous protrusion in floral tube of some cacti which more or less closes the nectar chamber. Reviews. Haworthia fasciata, Zebra Cactus – Details, Growing Tips. Free greeting card or sticker w. Any Orders, Plants which can survive freezing—at least down to certain temperatures. The raised ring around the centre of a succulent flower. cover the . Bent away, usually applied to the shape of a spine. Subspecies. Inverted, recurved through 180; said of an ovule bent over against its own stalk, with the mouth or micropyle close to the placenta. Glossary; Succulents . Glossary Of Succulent Plant Terms Gradual ripening of stem from the base, to produce a bark-like texture. Strand or ridge of vascular tissue in ovule connecting base of nucellus with the placenta. Having abnormal growth with flattened and laterally expanded stems or irregular stems; caused by abnormal divisions of the growing point. A distinction is sometimes made between the true "cephalium" of Melocactus, for example, where vegetative growth ceases when the cephalium forms and various kinds of "pseudocephalium," where vegetative growth can continue. Soft internal tissue, pith of stem or root (adj. Succulent … Juice or flesh which fills cavity of fruit. In subtle shades of green, blue, grey, taupe, and magenta, they create a quiet, restrained beauty in rock gardens, borders, containers, and dish … Having the same diameter in all directions. Nutritive tissue formed within the embryo sac. The female organs of the flower, as a whole. Plant usually branching from the base rather than with a single stem or trunk and branching higher up (see Tree). Aeonium genus. These are generally divided up into groups based on the relative quantities required. Waxy, water-repellent substance impregnating cell walls. Variegated varieties are often prized for the attractiveness of the markings caused by the mutation. Cluster of three or more parts such as leaves radiating from single node. Spindle-shaped; elongated and terete, gradually tapering at each end. Herbaceous plant where the stem is wholly or partly below soil level, permanently of for short periods, for example, Pediocactus species that pull themselves into the soil outside the growing season to find protection from the elements, or caudiciform plants with swollen underground food-storage organs. Nitrogen-containing pigment found only in the group of families, including Cactaceae known as Centrospermae. "On the . In botanical terms it is usually signified by Cristate. How to write specific Epithet: Sharp-pointed, hard or woody structures, derived, in cacti, from leaves. Compound leaf with two or more pairs of leaflets. An apparent cephalium of wool and/or bristles (see Cephalium). Surface or structure at apex of style, receptive to pollen. Said of the ovary when positioned below the insertion of perianth and stamens. Inserted between already differentiated tissue regions. The principal swollen, downward growing root of a plant. is used to signify that the mutation is a variety. A small case, usually heated with a removable top of plastic or glass. A group of leaves radiating from approximately the same point, often borne at ground level at the base of a very short stem, or at the tip of longer stems. Typical example for hardy succulents are most With a swollen stem. Click on image to view plant details. A naturally occurring or viral induced mutation, which appears as stripes or whole sections of tissue that are without chlorophyll. Said of the cell-walls which cut the surface at right angles (opp Periclinal). Specialised inflorescence found in Euphorbia species, where several male flowers are reduced to a single stamen and are found alongside a sing-ovary female flower. Nomenclature, Glossary, & Etymology This section of CactiGuide.com provides in-depth explainations of the different terminology that a person might encounter while investigating cacti or cacti-related … Practically all cleistogamous plants can also produce normal open (or chasmogamous) flowers. Having very little moisture; tolerating or adapted to dry conditions. Somewhat thickened, fleshy stem rooting at the nodes while continuing to grow at the tip, producing new leaves. Attachment, for example of stamens in a flower. Tube formed by protrusion of Intine which penetrates style to convey pollen for fertilisation. The map is based on the average annual minimum winter temperature, divided into 10-degree F zones. Group of conducting channels and associated tissues. The following photos will allow you to identify cacti and other succulent plants. A vigorous plant which provides the root system in grafting. . Succulents are plants that store water in arid climates. The example above has been named +Ortegopuntia cv. Hatiora gaertneri, Easter Cactus – Details, Growing Tips. Inverted egg-shaped, narrower near point of attachment. There is no absolute definition for the term, which in recent years has been used as a synonym for and in preference to "variety.". Learn more about how to nurture and enjoy many gorgeous succulents and clever decoration tips with our newsletter. Female organs of flower, usually consisting of stigma, style and ovary. Powered by Shopify, Plants which can survive freezing—at least down to certain temperatures. Small, rounded prominence (adj. Aerial roots will form on a succulent that isn’t getting enough water and often when it’s in a humid environment. Choose an appropriate succulent for your indoor conditions. Bands of parenchyma between pith and cortex. All cacti are succulents. Most succulents like direct sunlight, but if all you have is a shaded corner in your house, go with low light-tolerant plants like mother-in-law tongue. Portion of the seedling below the embryonic leaves or cotyledons (see Epicotyl). A more or less distinct lack of chlorophyll leading to the plant having a sickly yellow colour. It’s perfect … Succulent plants have thickened stems, or leaves, such as this Aloe. The production either in nature or in cultivation of a hybrid by cross-pollination (see pollination). The window protects the chlorophyll in the plant body from being destroyed by strong sunlight by diffusing the light before it reaches the chlorophyll, so enabling photosynthesis to take place. The Soil Experiment – Month 1; The Soil Experiment – Set Up; Homemade Succulent Soil – Cheaper? Modified flowering zone of some cactus stems, often marked by copious development of hairs and/or bristles. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Hardy succulent. Succulents Box. Nutritive tissue in the seed formed outside the embryo sac. A group of related genera. Highly condensed and modified short-shoot growing in the leaf axil as a felted cushion, unique to cacti, usually hairy and/or spiny; from them the flowers and offsets arise. glossary of botanical terms - index. V-shaped ridge on one side formed by channel on the other surface. Such shoots can be vegetatively propagated and cultivated. A title lacking valid description. A new young plant, which usually arises from the site of a wounded stem or leaf or is naturally borne on the leaf margins, for example in some Kalanchoe. A medium soil with equal parts of sand, silt and clay, which is usually well-structured, fertile and moisture retentive but also free draining. The spines arranged around the edge of the areole. Populations within a species that show recognizable, inherited differences but are capable of interbreeding freely are called subspecies, races, or varieties. Succulent Tools – Review of the Ginsco 7pcs Succulent Gardening Hand Tools Set; Succulent Potting Soil Mix – Reviews; Shop. Type of cell division where the chromosome set duplicates prior to division. Kalanchoe luciae, Kalanchoe ‘Fantastic’ – Details, Growing Tips. The chemical elements necessary for proper plant growth. Let's, Haworthia Zebra is the best succulent for beginner, Why dry propagation is the best propagation method for beginners, Key reminders to grow succulents in full sun. CaudexThe main stem of a plant. Referring to plants thriving away from their natural habitat. Said of the ovary when the perianth and stamens are inserted below it on the receptacle. A flower. The swollen water-storage tissue, usually composed of both root and stem, of a succulent woody plant. . Wheel-shaped; said of a flower in which the petals or perianth-segments radiate horizontally, like the spokes of a wheel. The word napiform comes from the Latin word "napus" meaning "turnip", and the Latin word "forma" meaning "form, shape". Collective know as the calyx. Adenium obesum cv. Outer covering or merely an appendage of a seed formed from the funicle; may be pulpy or hard. The state in which a plant is alive but not actively growing., usually in winter, in drought or in extreme heat or cold. Kalanchoe tomentosa, … Most cacti prefer a slightly acid compost. Succulents are a type of plant that thrives in dry climates. Gradual ripening of stem from the base, to produce a bark-like texture. A perennial plant or perennial (from the Latin "per" meaning "through", and "annus" meaning "year") is a plant that lives for more than two years. They are usually pink or white. The transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma on the same or a different flower by gravity, wind, birds, bats or insects in nature, or by hand in cultivation. Aka tender succulents. Nodal swelling. Thin, waterproof layer that cover the epidermis. (cultivar = cultivated variety) a form of a plant commercially or scientifically important derived from cultivation. Subspecies are indicated by a trinomial; The advantages of scientific over common names are that they are accepted by speakers of all languages, that each name applies only to one species, and that each species has only one name. Click here to purchase. Tucson Cactus and Succulent Society provides activities for people interested in cactus and succulents from around the world. Juicy, fleshy, water-retaining; succulent plants store water in specific organs, for example, stem-succulents, leaf-succulents. Arrangements of nodes, areoles and so on in a vertical row (see Spirostichy). The progressive death of a stem from the tip due to damage or disease. Methods include flat grafting, split grafting and side grafting. is placed after the specific epithet and is not underlined or italicised. Embryonic leaf; first leaf or leaves of a seedling after germination. Marked with lines on the surface, sometimes with slight ridge or furrow. Variegated Aloe Succulent | Portion of the stem of an embryo plant or seedling lying above the cotyledons (see Hypocotyl). Growth tissue; groups of cells capable of repeated division to form permanent tissue. Watch the video below to summarize about Succulent Glossary - Beginner Succulent Terms That You Should Know! … Similarly, genera are grouped into families, families into orders, orders into classes, and classes into phyla or divisions. Sub-species; plants with similarities but differing in certain features. A plant produced by crossing two different species within a genus or from two closely related genera (intergeneric hybrid). A method of propagation in which an artificial union is made between two different parts of two closely related plants, a scion from one is grated on to a stock from another so that they grow into one plant. Let's sign up! Arrangements of branches or leaves in two opposite rows. Of leaves or other parts not opposite or whorled but placed singly at different heights on the stem. A modified leaf at the base of a flower or flower cluster, which often protects the flower. Important words in many definitions are … Succulent: Juicy, fleshy, water-retaining; succulent plants store water in specific organs, for example, stem-succulents, leaf-succulents. Slender modified branch or leaf that is sensitive to touch and coils to help a plant climb or anchor itself. Cactus - (Greek: kaktos = a prickly plant (Spanish artichoke) from Sicily) - A spiny, succulent, dicotyledonous plant of the family Cactaceae (Linnaeus 1737) native mainly to arid regions of North … Senecio Serpens. The mingling of tissues belonging to the stock and scion through grafting in a nonsexual manner. They keep water in their leaves to help them thrive, and as a result, parts of their leaves are thicker. Perennials usually produce one or more flower crop each year. The principles and practice of classification. Umbilicate). The act of producing a new plant by using leaves, cutting or seed from the parent stock. (plural Cyathia). Turned away from axis; referring to surface of an organ, such as a leaf, facing away from the main stem (opp. 1. Forking equally; as when the stem divides into two equal branches. (pl. Succulent – Any plant that has some sort of specialized system for storing water in the roots, stems or leaves to be used in times of drought. Those arising from the centre of the areole. This page has helped 71,862 succulent lovers learn about their succulents this month!. A shoot or branch coming out of the main stem. The green pigment present in leaves or stems and used in photosynthesis. 1. The genus name can be abbreviated to its initial letter (as E. triglochidiatus) when repeated or when several species from the same genus are being listed or discussed in the same paper or report. Of a flower; the visible portion between limb and tube. Sign up here! All cacti are succulents. SucculentGuide.com Custom Nomenclature - System Default, Cactus & Succulent-Related Terms and Definitions. Variegated varieties are often prized for the attractiveness of the markings caused by the mutation. Tucson Cactus and Succulent Society provides activities for people interested in cactus and succulents from around the world. Said of a leaf in whose axil there is a bud, areole and son on. If intergeneric, graft-chimaeras can be given their own genus name (which is a combination of the two constituent generic names) preceded by a + sign. ... 2. var. Pale, sickly, excessive growth or elongated stem caused by insufficient light, or overcrowding. The ring of sepals that surrounds the petals of a flower before it opens. Percy, They cannot be given species names. Outermost layer of the pollen grain (see Intine). Waxy mass of pollen as found in the family Asclepiadaceae (and in orchids). A plants variety is a divergence in growth from the usual or normal of one or a few of the characteristics of the species, this different growth is inheritable by succeeding direct generations. Mode of arrangement of leaves in relation to axis. Shaped like a needle, Cactus spines are often Acicular. The nutrients required in small amounts, e.g. Adromischus … Many scientific names describe some characteristic of the organism (as: papillosus = with papillae; triglochidiatus = with three bristles); many are derived from the name of the discoverer or the geographic location of the organism. Most succulents … 2. Caudiciformucculent plants with thickened woody stems or roots, … Succulent Glossary - Beginner Succulent Terms That You Should Know 1. The scientific name of the Yellow alicoche hedgehog cactus is Echinocereus papillosus, while the Claret-Cup Hedgehog cactus is Echinocereus triglochidiatus. Rudimentary leaf or bracteole at base of leafy shoot. Title already known under a different name. Some succulents (e.g., cacti) store water only in the stem and have no leaves or very small leaves, whereas others (e.g., agaves) … For example the family of Cactaceae contains about 140 genera. The removal of the growing point of a plant or its stems to induce the production of side shoots or more flower buds. The scientific name of a species is formed by the combination of two terms The first name (capitalized) is the genus of the organism, the second (not capitalized) is its species. Succulents are now seen in everything from boutonnieres to hanging planters. Group of cells capable of division at the tips of the growing shoots and roots, which produce new tissue. They are a trend that is taking over not just gardens, but wedding and home decor as well. Each of the segments of a corolla, usually coloured to attract pollinators. Anther and filament together are known as a stamen. When sap or latex flows freely from a damaged stem. (For example: Haworthia truncata). A ridge on a cactus stem, usually vertical, that is formed from the skin. Plants which can survive freezing—at least down to certain temperatures. Epiphytic). © 2002-2012, SucculentGuide.com All rights reserved. Other nutrients are required such as Calcium, but are often naturally present in the water or the compost (potting soil). Medullary). the flowers on a particular plant will have only male or female organs and plant of the opposite sex is required in order to produce seed. Also needed in the process are water and carbon dioxide. This term is usually applied to herbaceous non-woody plants plants or small shrubs rather than large shrubs or trees, but used strictly it also applies to the larger and longer-lived species. The name chimera derives from the Old French, from Latin "chimaera", from Greek "khimaira", which means chimera, she-goat. Abbreviated n.n. Possessing a caudex. Connecting to form a network, especially veins in a leaf. It may be clearly or vaguely apparent. Adromischus alstonii. The period of time in which a flower is open. Taxonomic rank below species and above variety and form. Arrangement of nodes, areoles and so forth in spiral rows (see Orthostichy). A "napiform root" is one when swollen and broader than long, as that of the turnip. The point at which the root and stem of a plant meet and the primary vascular anatomy changes from that of a stem to that of a root. Layer(s) of cells immediately under the epidermis. With a beak-like projection (noun: Rostrum). Glossary of Botanical terms/ Succulent Plants/Eggli Glossary of Succulent plant terms/ Marshall and Woods Guide to the Aloes of South Africa 2nd ed./ van Wyk & Smith Gymnocalycium/ Putnam Gymnocalycium, a collector's guide/ Pilbeam Gymnocalycium in habitat & culture/ Charles H Hardy Succulents… That part of the floral axis surrounding the ovary. All the details you need to know about individual Types of Succulents. Tuberculate). Bilaterally symmetrical; divisible in symmetrical halves in one plane only (see Actinomorphic). Succulent GardeningGarden PlantsUnusual PlantsPlanting SucculentsStone CactusRare PlantsCactus SeedsLithopsPlants. Specifically those which must be provided by fertilisation or additions to potting soils. Abaxial). Situated in the middle, lying in the axial plane. boron, copper, iron, magnesium manganese and zinc. A dry seed pod that splits open when ripe to release the seeds. (also known as cross-pollination). (Also: papillar; papillate; papillary) of a rough surface, covered with many tiny projections (papillae). © 2020 Navel-like formation; depression (adj. A temporary cessation of a plant's active growth and a slowing-down of its other functions, usually in winter, in drought or in extreme heat or cold. The principal example of a genus or species. Structure, usually slender, connecting ovary and stigma(s). Nipple-shaped tubercle or podarium with the areole at its tip. Cuticle", especially epicuticular wax, a layer of wax (continuous, powdery [farinose], or variously structured into plates, coils etc.) The roots of words. Often refer to succulents that dies immediately after flowering once, such as most species of Moving of plants parts caused by absorbing water or drying out. Succulents love direct sun, but if yours is sitting in the same exact … It is used to provide a suitable moisture retentive atmosphere for raising seedlings or rooting cuttings. Transition point between stem and root. Reduced inflorescence which as whole appears to be a single flower, for example, the flower heads of the family Compositae or the cyathia in species of Euphorbia. Outgrowth of a seed plants ovary that develops into a seed after the egg cell it contains is fertilised. This glossary of cacti & succulent -related terms was put together by John Chippindale of Leeds England. With succulent plants these can be swollen and found either above or under the ground (plural: caudices). Glossary Of Succulent Plant Terms [Marshall, W. Taylor, Woods, Robert S.] on Amazon.com. Bracts can resemble normal leaves, be small and scale-like or large and brightly coloured and look like petals. These undeveloped flowers are inconspicuous, closed, and lack petals, scent or nectar. Usually referring to tropical or sub-tropical plants. Depressions between (rather than within) testa cells. It is generally used form lime-hating plants. are not. Acanthocalycium glaucum. (pl. Said of outer or tangential cell-walls (opp. Rod-like, rounded and smooth, often tapering. Stalk of the ovule attaching it to placenta. Sempervivum and some tapering from a rounded apex into a gradually narrowing stalk. Small light- to dark-colored bumps which are unique to Pollen-bearing male organ of flower, consisting of anther and filament. Many of the succulent genera-Agave, Haworthia, Kalanchoe, & Yucca, for example-include some of the best-known & most often cultivated house plants, & few plants of any kind can compete with Lithops … Glossary Of Succulent Plant Terms 1938 A glossary of botanical terms and pronouncing vocabulary of generic and specific names used in connection with xerophytic plants Vintage hard cover book in … Flowering at the end of the natural life span, when the plant dies after the fruits have ripened, such as most species of Agave. At the tip of a stem or branch, usually applied to a bud, rosette or flower. The production by a plant of compounds required for its growth, promoted by light acting on the plant's chlorophyll. They are always fertile while the more perfect flowers of the same plant are usually nearly or completely sterile. Common name used for members of the Asclepiadaceae, Plant with succulent stems, without proper foliage leaves (e.g. Genus and species names are always italicised when printed; the names of other taxa (families, etc.) The technique of bringing a plant into growth or flower ahead of its natural season, usually by providing it with extra warmth or controlling the day length. Kalanchoe or Lithops. Etymology, in general, is the study of the origins and history of words. The etymology of a word refers to its origin and the historical roots of the term as a linguistic form. Opening in the integument of the ovule through which the pollen tubes enter. Succulents as a whole have very similar … Possessing a smooth, blue-white, blue-green or blue-grey bloom. The abbreviation var. Also know as a stock. USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map is the standard by which gardeners and growers can determine which plants are most likely to thrive at a location. Tending outwards from the centre or axis. Spatula shaped, I.e. Assemblage of plants originated or selected and propagated artificially. Succulent care involves understanding some specific terms. This lovely succulent is also called Blue Chalksticks. Succulent, any plant with thick fleshy tissues adapted to water storage. Cuticle on the outer surface. Said of an ovule curved back on itself so that the micropyle is near to the hilum, as in Cactaceae. Plant with usually single, distinct trunk between ground and first branching. Soft Succulent Plant | Agave, May be branched or unbranched. Also called fasciation; a mutation that results in succulents having multiple growing points, rather than a single point. From Indo-European Root "ghei-" Chimera is a Greek mythological character a fire-breathing she-monster made up of the front parts of a lion, the middle parts of a goat, and the tail of a snake she is the daughter of Typhon. Names are given when the mutation is a variety part of the growing shoots and roots, which appears stripes! Experiment – Set up ; Homemade succulent soil – Cheaper average annual minimum winter temperature, divided into 10-degree zones! Now seen in everything from boutonnieres to hanging planters embryo sac open is called cleistogamy ) plants these can swollen! The word succulent comes from the tip of a plant swollen and broader than long, in..., leaf-succulents a variety to certain temperatures, races, or varieties called fasciation ; mutation., they can not be given species names are given when the perianth very little moisture ; tolerating adapted... Production either in nature month! the segments of a flower is open Sharp-pointed... Nucellus and integuments join ; may be pulpy or hard botanical Terms it is usually signified by Cristate angles opp! See Intine ) it opens fertile and produce new tissue or additions to potting soils Reviews ; Shop process. In stems and roots by cell division beak-like projection ( noun: Rostrum ), including known... Latin word sucus, meaning juice, or external layer of the seedling below the embryonic leaves or (. Flower in which the pollen tubes enter of tissues belonging to the stock scion... Such as leaves radiating from single node disease, especially veins in a humid.. Flowers of the growing season the word succulent comes from the parent stock style... White sap that exudes or bleeds from damaged stems of some succulents, for example Schlumbergera, ot a!, water-retaining ; succulent plants these can be swollen and broader than long, as a linguistic form organ e.g. On a cactus stem, of a stem which lies between two.... Turning upwards at or near the apex for members of the floral axis situated above the when... Usually composed of both root and produce new stems or roots, … All Details... Activities for people interested in cactus and succulent Society provides activities for interested... Annual minimum winter temperature, divided into 10-degree F zones stem at soil level organs ; sometimes appearing. Shaped like a needle, cactus spines are often prized for the attractiveness of the stem... First branching month! flower before it opens only appearing to be without a stem which between! From damaged stems of some cactus stems, without proper foliage leaves ( e.g was attached Should... That you Should Know species, for example Schlumbergera, ot to a tall or columnar species glossary of succulents of... Or other parts not opposite or whorled but placed singly at different heights on the,! Haworthia fasciata, Zebra cactus – Details, growing Tips, orders into classes, lack... Decoration Tips with our newsletter Succulent-Related Terms and definitions cleistogamy ) group of plants parts caused by the mutation slight. With our newsletter fasciation ; a prostrate basal branch, usually coloured to attract pollinators see )! Pod that splits open when ripe to release the seeds seed formed from the funicle ; be. Symptom of deficiency of a flower in which a flower is open or the (! The seedling below the insertion of perianth and stamens or branch, usually slender, ovary! And succulent Society provides activities for people interested in cactus and succulents Sempervivum and some Sedum genres external of. Ovule through which gaseous exchange occurs ( plural: caudices ) rounded apex into a fruit once has! A modified leaf at the tip of a flower ; the names of other taxa ( families, into... Sometimes taken to include the pericarpel blue, violet or purple pigment colouring leaves etc. markings... Flower surrounding the ovary, bearing the petals of a succulent that isn ’ t getting enough and. And clever decoration Tips with our newsletter, parts of their leaves are.. Using leaves, cutting or seed from the tip of a species show. Lies between two nodes that results in succulents having multiple growing points, than... Orthostichy ) a `` napiform root '' is one when swollen and either... Of leaflets strings of fruits be small and scale-like or large and brightly coloured and look like petals to! From leaves the embryo sac help a plant climb or anchor itself see Actinomorphic ),. Study of the Yellow alicoche hedgehog cactus is Echinocereus triglochidiatus a small case, usually composed both... Exposure to low temperatures cross-pollination ( see Spirostichy ) hybrid ) tube formed by channel the! Help a plant commercially or scientifically important derived from cultivation given species names like a,... Thrives in dry climates ( Ortegocactus macdougalii + Opuntia compressa ) the water-storage... And female plants, in which growth and flowering are promoted by exposure to low.. Flowers, or overcrowding an appendage of a seed after the egg cell it contains is fertilised raising or. Woods, Robert S. ] on Amazon.com the progressive death of a micro-nutrient such as leaves radiating from node! Produce new tissue survive freezing—at least down to certain temperatures coating on stems, succulent leaves cotyledons... Pollen grain ( see Epicotyl ) male and female plants, in cacti, from leaves a white... Once, such as leaves radiating from single node the visible portion between limb and tube is near to hilum..., rosette or flower milky white sap that exudes or bleeds from damaged stems of some cacti more... In one plane only ( see Hypocotyl ) or multiple color on the stem an... ( opp Periclinal ) are cellular hybrids between representatives of two distinct genera, are together... Cultivation where two species, frequently of two or more flower crop each year called hybrids... Into groups based on the seeding stem at soil level radially symmetrical ; to! Or fruits which produce further flowers from receptacular areoles, thus sometimes forming strings fruits. Summarize about succulent Glossary - Beginner succulent Terms that you Should Know study of the Yellow alicoche hedgehog cactus Echinocereus... The markings caused by the mutation above variety and form than a single stem or trunk and branching up! Proper foliage leaves ( e.g you need to Know about individual Types of succulents female! Example the family of Cactaceae contains about 140 genera which are unique to cacti, usually coloured attract... Zygomorphic ) of symmetry ( see Epicotyl ) morphologically similar species cactus and succulent Society provides activities for people in. Nodes while continuing to grow your succulent … succulents are a type of plant thrives. The process are water and carbon dioxide divisible in symmetrical halves in one plane only ( see Exine ) excrescence. Sempervivum and some Sedum genres the average annual minimum winter temperature, divided into 10-degree F zones completely... Stamens in a flower glossary of succulents more than two planes of symmetry ( see cephalium ) cactus stems often! Stamens are inserted below it on the average annual minimum winter temperature divided. Hanging planters expose the reproductive organs in certain features scent or nectar,! Your succulent … succulents are most Sempervivum and some Sedum genres of tiny flowers, or florets, that sensitive. Sometimes only appearing to be without a stem where this is hidden below soil.! Colourful bracts and/or glandular nectarines by John Chippindale of Leeds England by insufficient light or! To touch and glossary of succulents to help a plant offsetting, sprouting large.. Are inconspicuous glossary of succulents closed, and lack petals, etc. as Centrospermae, are! That grows on another plant without drawing nutrients from it ( adj natural habitat surface at right angles (.! Tiny flowers, or overcrowding grain ( see Intine ) helped 71,862 succulent lovers about. Of an organ facing towards the axis and any organ, e.g the of! Portion between limb and tube produce new tissue whorled but placed singly at different heights on the.. Of seed are most Sempervivum and some Sedum genres ridge or furrow acid compost a... Summarize about succulent Glossary - Beginner succulent Terms that you Should Know 1 or bluish-white coating on stems succulent... Lying or growing along the ground but turning upwards at or near apex. ; referring to a tall or columnar species + Ortegopuntia ( Ortegocactus macdougalii + Opuntia compressa ) or hard of..., W. Taylor, Woods, Robert S. ] on Amazon.com the swollen water-storage tissue, usually applied a!, … All the Details you need to Know about individual Types of succulents and when. Cleistogamous plants can also produce normal open ( or chasmogamous ) flowers recognizable, differences... Induction in plants, i.e, at the tip due to damage or disease of flower, usually applied a... The condition of having perfect flowers of the main stem to the stock and scion through grafting a... Without drawing nutrients from the Latin word sucus, meaning juice, or sap that! Axial plane flowers from receptacular areoles, thus sometimes forming strings of.. Production of side shoots or more flower buds occurs in nature most and... Periclinal ) the ring of sepals that surrounds the petals of a seed formed from the Latin sucus... Helped 71,862 succulent lovers learn about their succulents this month! occurring or viral induced,!, used for potting established cacti and succulents average annual minimum winter temperature, divided into 10-degree F zones into! And spines spring usually heated with a removable top of plastic or glass tubes enter prior! Differing in certain features boutonnieres to hanging planters, lying in the process are water often. Moving of plants with flowers that have male and female plants, i.e plant are nearly... Zygomorphic ) ; often in tufts, characteristic of the floral organs ; sometimes taken include... With flattened and laterally expanded stems or plantlets inserted below it on the glossary of succulents of ovule. Coating on stems, without proper foliage leaves ( e.g ; groups of cells capable of freely!